A Soldier's View of the American Revolution
Johnson City Middle School
Read each of the Documents listed below by clicking on the link. Complete the questions that accompany each of the documents. All links will open in a new window.
Document 1- Yankee Doodle
- Right click on the link and select “Open in New Window” to read the documents. When you are finished using the document, exit out of that window.
- Be sure to read only what you are asked. You don’t always have to read the whole document!!!
Yankee Doodle lyrics
Read: The first 4 verses (paragraphs).
- These are the original song lyrics to Yankee Doodle. Other variations came out later, but American colonists sang this version during the Revolutionary War. Among other things, this version of the song was meant to praise George Washington.
--NO RESPONSE HERE--
- Why would colonists sing “Yankee Doodle” and other songs during the Revolutionary War?
Document 2- Letter
Mr. Williams to Mrs. Williams (July 4, 1780)
Read: Read the first 6 lines of this letter and the last paragraph with the closing (begins with “The
- What kinds of men were fighting as a part of the Revolutionary War?
- Who is taking care of “family affairs” while Mr. Williams is off fighting?
- What happened to Rev. Mr. Simson that showed the consequences of war?
Document 3- Surgeon at Valley Forge
From the Diary of Albigence Waldo, Surgeon at Valley Forge, 1777
Read: December 8th, first 11 lines of December 14th
- What were soldiers short of (low on) at Valley Forge?
- List 3 things Waldo complains about in the December 14th entry.
- List 2 things Waldo misses the most.
Document 4- Experiences in the Revolutionary War
Sarah Osborn Recollects Her Experiences in the Revolutionary War
- What did Sarah Osborn decide to do when her husband re-enlisted as a sergeant in the Continental Army?
- Did all women stay at home to take care of everyday jobs while their husbands were off fighting in the war?
Document 5- Revolutionary War Soldier Paid
1777, Revolutionary War Pay Voucher
Read: Italicized caption,
- How much was Capt. Williams to be paid?
- American soldiers received pay for serving the Continental Army. According to this document, were they always paid on time?
Document 6- Picture of American soldiers
American foot soldiers, Yorktown campaign during the Revolutionary War
Read: Examine the picture
- Did all Americans receive the same uniforms or dress the same way in battle?
- Using your answer from #1, why do you think it was this way?
- Were African Americans allowed to fight in the Revolutionary War?
Document 7- Found Supplies
Clothing received from Captain Girlock, October 26, 1781
Read: Whole document
- Why would American soldiers be excited to receive this British clothing?
Document 8- Stories by Revolutionary War Soldiers
Stories told by Revolutionary War soldiers or participants
Read: Part 7- In Camp: Essay 73, Essay 76
- There are no questions to answer for this document, but it will help you with the Summarizing Question below
Summarize the Information:
After having read and analyzed the documents that made up Task II, you can now answer the following question:
Using the documents to help you, write at least 10 sentences describing the hardships of being a soldier in the Revolutionary War. Include information on the struggles soldiers faced and what kinds of people went through these struggles. Please cite the documents (ex. Doc. 3) that you used in your answer.
View the following PowerPoint presentation on key Revolutionary Battles and complete the accompanying worksheet.
[N.B. The PowerPoint presentation is 3.19 MB. Because its size will cause it to download slowly on certain servers, it will open in a new window. Mac users and users with browsers older than Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 should use the PDF version of the presentation.]
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